Japanese Chin Dog

The playful, intelligent Japanese Chin Dog makes a wonderful little companion dog. They are sensitive and affectionate. They make a devoted family dog. Their name is somewhat misleading as they were developed in China, not Japan.


The Japanese Chin was developed in China. They were bred to be companions to the ladies of the Imperial Palace and they have always been lap dogs. The breed is centuries old. The dogs were not available for sale, they could only be given as gifts. At some point in time some of the dogs were given as gifts to foreigners and taken to Japan.

Commodore Perry brought the first Chins from Japan to England in 1853 and a pair was given to Queen Victoria. During and after WWI it was hard to bring Japanese Chin to the West. Natural disasters in Japan also hurt breeding in that country. However, breeders in Britain and Europe have continued to breed dogs of high quality and American breeders have relied on them to bring in new dogs.


The Japanese Chin Dog is a small, compact dog with an aristocratic look. They are elegant and stylish. They have a plumed tail that they carry over their backs. Their coat is profuse, silky, straight, and soft. It’s a single coat without an undercoat. It is black and white, red and white, or tri color. They have large, dark, lustrous eyes.

The Chin is between 8 and 11 inches tall at the withers. Dogs usually weigh between 3 and 9 pounds.


The Japanese Chin is sensitive and intelligent. Their only purpose is to serve people as a companion dog. They are responsive and affectionate to their loved ones though they are usually reserved with strangers or in new situations.

Because Chins are so intelligent and agile, they are easy to train and they enjoy learning tricks. They are very playful, alert, and bright. They don’t require a lot of exercise but they do enjoy playing in a fenced yard.

Chins are very clean dogs and like to clean themselves. Some Chins like to climb and they tend to be more independent than some other breeds. Most Japanese Chins are very quiet.

With their long coat they need to be brushed a couple of times per week. Clean their ears regularly to avoid ear infections. Brush their teeth regularly and trim their nails.


The Japanese Chin is a brachycephalic (short-nosed) breed so you need to take special care of them in hot weather and make sure that they don’t over-exert themselves.

Luxating patellas and heart murmurs can be problems in the breed. Because the breed has such prominent eyes, they sometimes have corneal scratches. Hypoglycemia can be a concern with Chin puppies.


The Japanese Chin is a beautiful, playful, intelligent little dog who is happy to be a loving companion. If you are looking for a good pet to keep you company, this dog can be a good choice.

Japanese Chin Dog
Japanese Chin Dog