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Toy Poodle Life Expectancy

Poodles, including Toy Poodles, are a generally healthy breed.  Like all breeds they are subject to some health problems and diseases but the breed tends to be long-lived.  Toy Poodle life expectancy is estimated to be 14 to 14.5 years, but some Toy Poodles can live to be 20 years old if they avoid health problems and are not overweight.

Poodle Health Issues

Poodle breeders maintain an international Poodle Health Registry so they can register and track diseases in Poodles.  This helps them gather data on the diseases; it helps breeders make better breeding decisions; and it helps anyone interested in obtaining a Poodle find out more information about health issues in the breed.

The diseases that occur most frequently in Poodles are:  Addison’s disease, Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV or bloat and torsion), thyroid problems, tracheal collapse, epilepsy, sebaceous adenitis, juvenile renal disease, hip dysplasia, and cancer.  Ear infections can also be a problem in the breed but they can be avoided with good ear cleaning and care.

Addison’s disease is a common problem in Poodles.  In Addison’s disease the adrenal cortex produces too little glucocorticoid and/or mineralocortoid.  This disease is often undiagnosed because the early symptoms can be vague, but if it’s caught early dogs can usually live a normal life.  It usually occurs in Standard Poodles (the largest Poodles) but it can also occur in Toy and Miniature Poodles.

GDV or bloat is another disease that affects Standard Poodles most often.  However, thyroid deficiency or hypothyroid and tracheal collapse both affect Toy Poodles.  Tracheal collapse occurs when the walls of the dog’s throat become weakened and collapse.  This is a common problem in many Toy breeds.

According to a UK health survey, the leading cause of death for Toy Poodles was old age, which accounted for 25 percent of deaths, and kidney failure, which accounted for 20 percent of deaths.

Health Tests

Good breeders will have their dogs tested using the available tests prior to breeding.  There are not tests for every health problem that affect Poodles (or any breed), but there are many health tests which can help breeders reduce the chance of passing along health problems to their puppies.

Some of the health tests that breeders can have done of their Toy Poodles include:

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) DNA testing from an approved laboratory
  • Eye clearance by the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF)
  • Patellar Luxation OFA evaluation

The above tests are considered the minimum testing required for Toy Poodles that will be used for breeding.  Many breeders will perform additional testing on their breeding stock.  All testing is valuable and gives information regarding the breeder’s interest in the future of his or her breeding program.  Using the tools that are currently available will allow the breeder to successfully use the entire gene pool in combinations that provide for a healthy future of the breed.  Other health problems that can currently be tested for include Legg-Calve Perthes (LCP), thyroid, elbow dysplasia, and von Willebrand’s disease.

Using health testing on dogs prior to breeding will produce healthier puppies which will, in turn, eventually increase Toy Poodle life expectancy.


Toy Poodles are a generally healthy dog though Poodles can have health problems, like any breed.  If you are considering getting a Toy Poodle, go to a breeder who health tests his or her dogs. This is the best way to improve Toy Poodle life expectancy and get a healthy dog.

Toy Poodle Information

Although Poodles are usually associated with France, the breed actually originated in Germany several hundred years ago. The breed was originally used as water retrievers and they were hunting dogs. Poodles today still tend to enjoy the water and are good retrievers. Some people even hunt with their Poodles today. The Toy Poodle appeared in England by the 18th century and they have been popular ever since. Continue reading for more Toy Poodle information.

Toy Poodle History

Although the Standard Poodle appeared first, the Toy or Miniature Poodle was used as a truffle-finding dog in England, Spain, and Germany, where truffles were considered to be a great delicacy. The small dogs had a great nose and excelled at finding the truffles in the woods. The small dogs were also favored because they didn’t trample the truffles as they searched for them.

While Toy Poodles were popular in England in the 18th century, there is evidence to suggest that the small dogs were popular in France long before they came to England. Paintings from France and Spain show that the small dogs were popular there probably in the 15th and 16th centuries.


According to Toy Poodle information, these dogs should stand no more than 10 inches tall at the shoulder. Although the AKC does not specify their weight, most of them usually weigh between 6 and 9 pounds. Poodles that are larger than this are classified as Miniature Poodles.

Toy Poodles come in many colors, as other Poodles do. Colors include: black, blue, gray, silver, cream, white, apricot, and brown. The nose is typically black and the eyes dark, although brown Poodles may have liver-colored noses and amber eyes.

The Toy Poodle has a single coat without an undercoat. The coat curls and takes a long time to grow. The dogs shed very little. For these reasons Toy Poodles (and all Poodles) are known as hypoallergenic dogs, though in reality no dogs are completely hypoallergenic. These dogs tend to be good for people with allergies.

Most people who have Toy Poodles as pets keep them groomed in a pet clip. You can use clippers to trim them yourself or have them professionally groomed every 6 to 8 weeks. It’s important for you to clean and care for your Toy Poodle’s ears, too, as the breed is prone to ear infections.


Poodles in general, including Toy Poodles, are usually a healthy breed. They can be prone to some health problems, however. Addison’s disease occurs more frequently in Standard Poodles but it also occurs in Toy and Miniature Poodles. Thyroid deficiency or hypothyroidism occurs in Toy Poodles, along with tracheal collapse. According to a UK health survey, the leading cause of death for Toy Poodles was old age, which accounted for 25 percent of deaths, and kidney failure, which accounted for 20 percent of deaths. The median age of death for Toy Poodles was 14 to 14.5 years, though some Toy Poodles may live to be 20 years old if they avoid health problems and are not overweight.


Toy Poodles are very intelligent and they love to learn tricks and show off for people. They make excellent pets. They are fun, active pets who get along well with children and other animals. We hope you will use the Toy Poodle information provided here to find an wonderful companion.